Largest freshwater lakes in the world

Largest freshwater lakes in the world

Lake is a Natural gift with the most beautiful and expressive features with a lively world

The world is fully surrounded by nature. There are the main five natural things found in the world are water, fire, sea, air, and land. This essential nature is needed to lead a human life. These are the natural gifts to the world. Among these water can be found in many places such as rivers, ponds, lakes, reservoirs, dams, seas, and oceans. There are many lakes found in the world. Some lakes are the tallest, and largest, and are widely spread and found inside the forest. The lakes are usually surrounded by freshwater and few dust particles. The lakes are an open and not closed type. The water deposited in the lakes can be used for many purposes and lake water doesn’t get spoiled by nature. But the lake water can be spoiled by human beings. The worst use of water makes the lake water unclean and the usage of water gets affected.

The largest freshwater lake in the world is found in Siberia and it is called Lake Baikal. The largest lake can be measured by its deepest meter and in Lake Baikal; the deepest point is about 1637 meters. This lake is considered to be the largest freshwater lake in the world. The surface area of the lake holds 20% of the world’s freshwater surface and the volume of the lake is also very high when compared to the rest of the lakes.

There are a few largest lakes found in the world. Some of them are Lake Superior in North America, Victoria Lake in Africa, Lake Baikal in Serbia, Lake Michigan in the United States, and Lake Huron in North America.

Natural lakes are formed with river water and rainwater. These lakes are widely found in mountains. Many of the lakes are found artificially for commercial and industrial purposes by humans. These kinds of lakes are widely used for their internal country purpose. The lakes are used for agriculture, cultivation, drinking water, hydroelectric power generation, and industrial purposes. Water plays a vital role in the human world.

The world has many lakes. In this article, we are going to see the Largest freshwater lakes in the World. The lakes are classified into 11 types. They are volcanic lakes, Aeolian lakes, organic lakes, anthropomorphic lakes, shoreline lakes, fluvial lakes, solution lakes, glacial lakes, landslide lakes, meteorite lakes, and tectonic lakes.


Lake Baikal

Lake Baikal is located in Siberia, Russia. This is the world largest freshwater lake in the world. This is a rift lake, which is formed with the rift zone. It contains 23% of the freshwater surface and contains a volume of 5600 cubic mi of freshwater. Usually, North America has more lakes and the water surface is more in North America. But this Lake Baikal contains more water than the North American lakes. Hence Baikal is also called the World’s deepest lake. This lake is considered to be the world’s oldest lake 30 million years of age. This is considered to be an ancient lake in the world. The freshwater is found in the lake and it is considered to be the world’s seventh-largest lake in surface area.

Lake Baikal is also called as deepest lake in the world. The surface area covered by this lake in a deep state is about 12,250 sq. miles. This Baikal Lake is fully surrounded by mountains with 27 islands surrounded. On the Northern side of the lake, Mount Baikal is located. The lake is bounded by 330 inflowing rivers of Russia. Some of the main rivers flowing into these lakes are the Turka River, Snezhnaya River, Selenga River, and Barguzin River. When you go deep inside the Baikal Lake, you feel better oxygen level is the major advantage over this lake. This lake is rich in oxygen even in the deep stream.

Lake Baikal is considered to be the largest freshwater lake in the world. The water of Lake Baikal is crystal clear in nature because of the freshwater present in the lake. This can be seen directly when you visit the lake in the winter season, the water transparency can be seen from 130 ft i.e. 40 m from the land. But during summer time, the water transparency can be seen from 25 ft only i.e. 5-8m.  During spring, the water in the lake freezes for almost all 4 months duration. The entire Baikal Lake is fully covered with ice. When you visit at that time, you feel like a beautiful white snow present completely around the lake. The thickness of ice is about 0.5 to 1.4 m thickness. When the sun rises during this time, the ice starts to melt and looks like a base covered with water and snow altogether. During the Autumn season, the temperature begins to fall in the surface water. The average water surface temperature maintained in the last 50 years has risen by 1.5 degrees C.

Lake Baikal in Siberia is very rich in biodiversity. All types of animals, mammals, birds, and species of plants are enriched with this water. Many birds are waterfowl in these lakes. In this lake varieties of fish, prawns, crabs, Invertebrates, snails’ ostracods, crustaceans, amphipods, and aquatic worms are found in the lakes. More than 18 types of sponges are found in this lake.

This largest freshwater lake in the world is also named as “Pearl of Siberia”. Tourism is the major revenue of this place. The stay in hotels, tourist spots, and lake views are been covered in the touristic package. The occurrences of tourists increases every year to this spot. This lake helps the economic growth of the country in many ways.

Lake Baikal is the largest freshwater lake in the world not only helping human beings but also helpful to many non-living and living beings. Water is a major source of living. For cooking, eating, bathing, cleaning, construction, and survival water the sources. All the people around the world are invited to enjoy the glory of the “Pearl of Siberia”. It’s everyone’s duty to maintain the lake with purity and safety.


Some of the largest freshwater lakes in the world:

Lake Superior

Lake Superior is situated in North America. This is considered to be the largest lake in the world by its surface area and this Lake Superior is the third largest lake in the world by its volume. Lake Superior is covered with 160 miles wide, 350 miles long, and 483 feet deep. The surface area of this freshwater lake is about 31,700 sq. miles. The volume of this lake is about 2,900 cubic miles. This Lake Superior water is commonly shared between Ontario, Canada, and a few states of the U.S.A.

Lake Victoria

Lake Victoria is one of the great freshwater lakes in Africa country. This lake was the source of the Nile River, which was named after Queen Victoria in 1858. The Surface area of Lake Victoria is 23,200 sq. mi and it is considered to be the second largest freshwater lake in the world after Lake Baikal which is the first largest one. This lake is considered to be the ninth-largest continental lake in the world. The volume of water contained in this lake is about 2424 cu km. One of the major advantages of Lake Victoria is, that it receives 80% of its water only from direct rainfall and the rest of the water from the streams.

The lake evaporates at an average speed of 2.2 meters every year. The outflow path is the only one way, that is the Nile River and hence Lake Victoria is the source for the longest branch of the Nile. In the Lake region many birds, mammals, wild animals, fishes, reptiles, and mollusks are found. This lake is the major source of living beings.  Lake Victoria supports minor fisheries for the people around the lake. The lake gets polluted due to raw sewage and industrial wastes from industries. This Lake is used as a transport way for places such as Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania.

Lake Huron

In North America, there are three largest freshwater lakes in the world are found. One is Lake Superior and the other is Lake Huron. This lake is shared between Ontario Canada and Michigan State of the U.S. This lake is named after the Huron People who lived in that area. The water surface area of this lake is 23,000 sq. mi of which 9,103 lies in Michigan and 13,904 sq. mi lies in Ontario. Hence this is considered to be the third-largest freshwater lake in the world.

The lake contains a volume of 850 cu miles whereas the depth is 195 ft. The length and breadth of Lake Huron are 332 km and 295 km respectively. A large Bay called Georgian Bay is found in Ontario, Canada. Manitoulin Island is present in the lake.  This is considered to be the world’s largest Lake Island. Lake Huron greatly supports its native for fishing. In the Lake, the natural drastic changes are observed in the Zooplankton community.

Lake Michigan

This is one of the largest freshwater lakes in the world located in North America. In North America, four great lakes are shared between Canada and the United States. Lake Michigan is the only lake that is entirely located in the United States. It covers the states of Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Indiana. The word is derived from the name of Michigan itself; it means “great water”. The surface area of this Michigan Lake is about 13,237 sq. miles and is considered to be the fifth largest freshwater lake in the world. The lake is widely spread with a length of 494 km long and 190 km wide. The Lake contains a volume of water is about 1,180 cubic miles. The largest Bay present in this lake is called Green Bay.

There are close to 12 million people live on the shore of Michigan Lake. The main attraction of this place is tourism. There is a seasonal resident who has an offer, comes in summer, and returns home during winter. On the tip of the lake, Indiana state is located which is crowded with Industries.

Lake Michigan is famous for its beaches. It has many beaches. After the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, this region is named as “Third Coast” of the U.S.A. On the beaches, a walk through the river bank is a pleasant feeling. It creates some sound when you walk on the sand because of the squeaking noise of the sand and it’s called the “singing sands”. The sand of these beaches is soft in nature. The water present in the lake and beaches is cool and crystal clear.

A vehicle ferry is operated in the lake, which connects Wisconsin on the West with Michigan on the east. It carries passengers, vehicles, and cargo. The ride on the ferry is really exciting with more fun inside. There are many islands in Lake Michigan. Apart from that many national parks are under maintenance by the government for entertainment purposes. Lake Michigan has four Lighthouses namely Indiana Light House, Michigan Light House, Illinois Light House, and Wisconsin Light House.

In border areas, this Lake supplies drinking water to millions of people in the United States. It’s been administrated by state and provincial governments. Michigan supports fisheries for the natives. They support sports fishing also. Lake Michigan is widely used for water transport. Major goods and tons of cargo have been transported through this Lake.

When this Lake is widely used for all kinds of above-said uses, obviously it has a wide number of tourists around the world. The country gives importance to tourism. A small cruise ship plays a vital role in Lake Michigan tourism. The Lake conducts several sports and water games which include yachting, diving, lake surfing, and kite surfing.

This is all about the largest freshwater lakes in the world hope this article gives you a good idea about the Lakes around the world. It’s our duty to save water from water pollution, air pollution, and land pollution. All are requested to save water and not to pollute. The lake supports humans in many forms such as drinking water, harbor, transportation, sports, shipping, fishing, a place for a large number of water living things, gives water to humans, animals, and birds, and helps for the growth of the country with the help of tourism and give precious minerals and ornaments. So we all should preserve water and the Lake at our best.

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